The John Deere 2010 Tractor

On August 30, 1959, in Dallas, Texas, with great fanfare the John Deere Company introduced a New Generation of four and six-cylinder tractors to replace the two-cylinder tractors which had brought the company fame and fortune for decades.The new line consisted of Models 1010, 2010, 3010 and 4010. Models 1010 and 2010 were built in Dubuque, Iowa; Models 3010 and 4010 were made in Waterloo, Iowa. The Model 1010 was basically a new engine in the Model 430 tractor. The Model 2010 consisted mostly of new parts and represented a new and larger size of tractor for the Dubuque factory. Models 3010 and 4010 were completely new designs.

The second smallest of the new line--the Model 2010--was produced from 1960 to 1965. It roughly replaced the Model 630. The engine of the Model 2010, as well as that of the Model 1010, was based on a sleeve and deck design which provided efficient heat dissipation. Engineers in the Dubuque factory had considerable experience with vertical, water-cooled engines and this was evident in these engines. The styling of the Model 2010, however, was more like that of the tractors manufactured in the Waterloo factory--Models 3010 and 4010.

Model 2010 tractors were available with three different engines--gasoline, diesel, or LP gas. Models 1010 and 2010 had four-cylinder engines; Models 3010 and 4010 had six-cylinders. The upper three models had Syncro-Range transmissions, which provided eight forward and three reverse gears. These transmissions incorporated synchronizers (small clutches) which allowed operators to change speeds on the move in each of four ranges and to shuttle-shift between forward and reverse. A closed-center hydraulic system provided up to three independent "live" hydraulic circuits to serve a rear rockshaft and one or two remote cylinders. A high ratio of horsepower-to-weight allowed greater equipment loads at higher speeds than in previous tractors, reduced the lugging of the engine, and provided greater efficiency.

A common ailment of farmers was "tractor back," caused by days, months and years of being jolted on hard pan seats. The Model 2010, as well Models 3010 and 4010, had a greatly-improved operator's station designed by Henry Dreyfuss and Associates, including seat cushions designed by Dr. Janet Travell, an orthopedic physican and back specialist who later served as White-House physican for President John F. Kennedy. The economy-version Special Row Crop Utility had the traditional pan seat.

The Model 2010 was not without problems. It was rushed into production without the extensive design and testing provided the other three models. The power-train was not as durable as it should have been and the diesel engine was notoriously hard to start in cold weather. Significant improvements were made in 1963, including the redesign and strengthening of transmission parts, the addition of glow plugs to the diesel engine, a lower range of transmission speeds, easier rear-wheel adjustment, easier servicing, faster power-steering, and a new front rockshaft with down-pressure.

Production of the agricultural crawler version of the Model 2010 was teminated in 1964, when the production of industrial tractors was consolidated within a separate division of the John Deere Company

The Model 2010 was replaced by the Model 2510 in 1966.



JD 2010 4 JD 2010 6
JD 2010 5 JD 2010 1
JD 2010 3 JD 2010 2


VERSION CODE PRODUCTION
CODE
ENGINE CODE
Row Crop R BE Gasoline 1
Row Crop Utility RU BD LPG 2
Special Row Crop Utility RUS BK Diesel 3
High Crop H BF
Agricultural Crawler CA BA

2010 WHEEL TRACTOR S/N
(All versions)
1961 10001
1962 21100
1963 31250
1964 44036
1965 58301
68259 (last)
2010 CRAWLER S/N
1962 26001
1963 31271
1964 44168
1965 58186

FIRST & LAST SERIAL NUMBERS & BUILD DATES
VERSION SERIAL NUMBER BUILD DATE
ROW CROP UTILITY - GAS (RU1) First  10001
Last  68160
06-01-60
09-28-65
ROW CROP UTILITY - LPG (RU2) First  15885
Last  67000
04-18-61
08-20-65
ROW CROP UTILITY - DIESEL (RU3) First  10138
Last  68122
08/03/60
09-27-65
SPECIAL ROW CROP UTILITY - GAS (RUS) First  26404
Last  68193
06-05-62
09-29-65
ROW CROP - GASOLINE (R1) First  10108
Last  68259
07-26-60
09-29-65
ROW CROP - LPG (R2) First  13550
Last  68171
02-22-61
09-28-65
ROW CROP - DIESEL (R3) First  10126
Last  68252
08-01-60
09-29-65
HIGH CROP - GAS (H1) First  10016
Last  68079
06-29-60
09-24-65
HIGH CROP - LPG (H2) First  15705
Last  68140
04-13-61
09-27-65
HIGH CROP - DIESEL (H3) First  15705
Last  68140
04-13-61
09-27-65
CRAWLER - GAS/LPG None
CRAWLER - DIESEL (CA) First  34341
Last  58838
03-22-63
11-16-64


SPECIFICATIONS
(based on agricultural version)
CYLINDERS Vertical four-cylinder wet-sleeve
Same engine type as Model 1010
BORE/STROKE Gasoline engine  3.625 X 3.50 inches
LPG engine  3.625 x 3.50 inches 
Diesel engine  3.875 x 3.50 inches
DISPLACEMENT Gasoline engine  144.5 cubic inches
LPG engine  144.5 cubic inches
Diesel engine  165.1 cubic inches
COMPRESSION Gasoline engine  8.3.1
LPG engine  19.1
Diesel engine  19.1
RATED RPM 2.500 RPM
TRANSMISSION Syncro-Range
8-speeds forward
3-speeds reverse
TRAVEL SPEEDS Row-Crop Utility  2.67 to 19.3 MPH
Crawler  1.48 to 6.69 MPH
CHASSIS Two-wheel drive
WHEEL BASE 87 inches
REAR TIRE SIZE 13.6 x 28
DRAWBAR HP 39.28 HP
PTO HP 46.86 HP
PTO 540/1000 RPMs
Live optional
Reversible stub shaft
Optional belt-pulley attachment
FUEL CAPACITY 16 gallons
Gasoline & diesel tanks above engine
LP tank in front behind grill
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM 8 gallon capacity
1,150 PSI/11 GPM
MAXIMUM PULL 3,657 pounds.
LENGTH 139.75 inches
WIDTH 71 inches
HEIGHT Hood  55.6 inches
Exhaust  6.25 inches
WHEELBASE 87 inches
FRONT END Single front wheel
Twin-wheel  (tricycle)
Twin-wheel (tricycle) with Roll-O-Matic
Wide front adjustable axle (standard) 50-74 or 62-88 inches
Straight or swept-back adjustable wide front (utility)
FRONT TIRES Row Crop (R)  6.00-14;6.50-16/9.00x10
Row Crop Utility (RU)  6.00/6.50/7.50x16
Special lRow Crop Utility (RUS)  6.00/6.50/7.50-16  16.9x26
High Crop (H)  6.00/6.50/7.50x16
Industrial  6.00/7.50/9.00x16   
REAR TIRES Row Crop (R)  11.2/12.4/13.9x36
Row Crop Utility  (RU)  12.4/13.6/14.9x28  16.9x26
Special Row Crop Utility (RUS)  12.4/13.6/14.9x28  16.9x26
High Crop (H)  11.2/12.4/13.6x38
Industrial    12.4/14.9//16.9x28  16.9x24  23.1x26  14.9x28
REAR WHEELS Power-adjustable optional
STEERING Power optional
SEAT Deluxe floating posture
Pan seat on Special (RUS)
BRAKES Differential mechanical dry-disk
HITCH 3-point with top-link sensing
Sway blocks
Optional Quik-Coupler
WEIGHT  Row Crop Utility (gasoline) (RU1)  5,054 lbs.
Row Crop Utility (diesel)  (RU3)  5,120 lbs.
Crawler (agriculture) (gasoline) (CA1)  9,550 lbs.
Crawler (agriculture) (diesel) (CA3)  9,645 lbs.
PRICE Wheel Tractors  $4,130-$4,350
Crawler  $5,866-$5,950
Diesel Option  $800